All surgery leads to a series of risks, and a dental extraction is not exempt from it. It is important to instruct the patient about the risks of an extraction, and what the care should be after the procedure.
Below we present the frequent errors that the patient commits after an extraction and that we must prevent this from happening by educating him.
Do not explain the medical history to the dentist. The first thing that the patient must do before undergoing a dental extraction, is to tell the dentist if he has any health problem or if he is under any medication.
If the patient is diabetic, it is very important to know, because the dentist must take certain precautions when performing the procedure to remove the piece; remember that you need to go through a healing process and if you have sugar problems, it could get complicated.
Similarly, if there are problems with the pressure, the patient should stabilize before undergoing surgery, if you take a medication that makes the blood lighter, you should suspend it several days before to avoid bleeding.
Bacteria must be controlled in advance. It is recommended to perform a deep dental cleaning in order to eradicate as many of the possible bacteria that inhabit the patient’s mouth, which could trigger various infections, including bacterial endocarditis.
Check the nerves of the patient. It is true that many people experience tremendous panic every time they sit in front of the dentist. It is best to recommend that the patient sleep well one day before the operation and follow our recommendations to the letter. If the patient appears too tense, he may experience dizziness, hyperventilation, tachycardia and even some fainting due to excessive lowering of glucose levels.
Suspend alcohol and cigarette After the process of extraction is over, there are those who believe that after a couple of days, they can return to their normal routine, when certain restrictions still have to be followed in what we eat and drink.
You must explain to the patient that it is forbidden to drink alcohol, as well as smoking, during the first three weeks after surgery. In general, several medications will be prescribed for pain and healing, which are eliminated by the liver and if alcoholic beverages are ingested.
Regarding the cigar, the smoke contains certain toxic substances that could cause irritations and interfere in the healing of the wound. So it is recommended to avoid lighting a cigarette at least in the first 48 hours.
Control the bleeding. At the end of the extraction, a gauze is usually placed over the wound so that the patient maintains the pressure for at least half an hour.
Some people consider that 30 minutes is too long and do not follow the instructions to the letter: perhaps notice that little blood springs, but the situation can be reversed in a few minutes and present a hemorrhage if the patient does not comply with our instructions.
Care with food. After the extraction, the patient should follow some dietary recommendations. The best thing will be that during a few days it takes a soft diet, based on soups and warm broths, as well as yogurt and juices; Drink plenty of water in the first 24 hours after the operation and avoid using cigarettes, as they could hurt and cause bleeding.
The hygiene to follow. Recommends the patient not to rinse or brush during the first 12 hours after extraction. After this time, make swish with warm water and salt every two or three hours, in order to avoid the proliferation of bacteria.
Recommends brushing your teeth gently and avoid touching the affected part of the gum; a couple of days later, brush the place where the extraction was made and its surroundings, with the intention of not allowing plaque to form and bad breath.
Driving. There are people who do not foresee that the dental extraction turns out to be a small surgery, where it will be necessary to use anesthesia to be able to carry it out. The best thing is that he is patient, accompanied by a friend or family member, who will be able to return home safe and sound, without having the need to handle these inconveniences.